About Diabetes

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a permanent change in your internal chemistry, which results in having too much glucose in your blood.

There are two types of diabetes:

a. Type 1 or Early Onset Diabetes that commonly starts at a very young age
b. Type 2 or Adult Onset Diabetes that starts in adults at a later age

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Symptoms include

  • Weight loss
  • Passing more urine
  • Thirsty a lot
  • Feeling tired

What causes Diabetes?

By far the most common risk factors for diabetes are being overweight or obese. There are also other causes of diabetes including hereditary predisposition and infections.

How is Diabetes diagnosed?

Diabetes can be diagnosed by a simple urine or blood test.

Prevention and Early Detection


What can you do to prevent diabetes?

  • Maintain a healthy weight (BMI 18.5 -25) and a waist circumference that is less than 90 cm for men and less than 80 cm for women.
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Take Regular exercise
  • Adults over 40 should have their blood sugar checked every year by a doctor

If you have diabetes, you should:

  • Eat regularly
  • Limit your intake of sugars and sugary foods
  • Include some starchy food and carbohydrates with each meal, choosing high fibre versions when possible
  • Reduce your fat intake
  • Avoid smoking

Exercise and Diabetes

Exercise can be positive for people with diabetes. However, it is important to seek medical advice before you start an exercise programme. If you are planning strenuous exercise, remember to stock up on extra carbohydrates to prevent getting hypoglycemia later.

Important tips to remember:

  • Aim to maintain your ideal body weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Watch the type of fat you are consuming

How can Weqaya help?

Click here for links to diabetes services and clinics

If you have recently developed symptoms of diabetes, consult your doctor